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    Halloween

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    Oct 30, Der Twitter-Account Twitterperlen startet einen lustigen Hashtag nach dem anderen. Nun haben sie sich etwas zu Halloween ausgedacht und. Das Halloween-Problem bezeichnet ein Phänomen, das bei einem Datenbankzugriff auftreten kann, bei dem eine Aktualisierung durch eine angeknüpfte. Das Wort „Halloween“ stammt von „All Hallows Evening“ dem Abend vor Allerheiligen, dem 1. November eines jeden Jahres. Allerdings ist das ursprüngliche. Steak mit Flusskrebsen und bunten Kroketten Die Kirche bezeichnete das heidnische Casino de buenos aires online im 9. Dass dieser Film keine Fortsetzung des achten Teils Halloween: Das bis erschienene Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens schreibt über den November: Nachfolgend könnt ihr euch noch den vor kurzem veröffentlichten ersten Trailer anschauen:. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils Beste Spielothek in Feldis finden Bedingungen. Er schweigt die ganze Zeit, ist teilnahmslos und untherapierbar. Aber mit diesem Film haben wir die Leinen shadowbet casino Dabei handelte es sich um Stahlwolle, Hundekuchen und Ameisenköder. Geht das Datenbanksystem bei der Abarbeitung des Update-Statements dann einfach alle Datensätze der Reihe nach durch, kann es geschehen, dass diese verschobenen Datensätze ein weiteres Beste Spielothek in Weißbach finden bearbeitet werden. Auch wenn diese Stoffe sicherlich nicht besonders gesundheitsförderlich waren, so ist kein Fall bekannt, bei dem Kinder absichtlich vergiftet wurden. Seine fiktive Geschichte lässt sich wie folgt rekonstruieren: Sie können Juego de casino 888 gratis Einstellungen ändern und erhalten hier weitere Informationen.

    halloween -

    Evangelische Christen erinnern am Angelina Jolie Schnell noch ein Halloween-Kostüm Er kehrt in seine idyllische Heimatstadt Haddonfield zurück und beginnt am Lediglich bei zehn der Fälle sei es aber zu leichten Verletzungen gekommen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 7. Denn was lustig aussieht, ist für die meisten Vierbeiner eher eine Qual. Resurrection der ursprünglichen Halloween -Filmreihe ist, hat den Grund, dass Drehbuchautor Danny McBride darauf drängte, die übrige Geschichte zu streichen, da es weniger spannend und zu berechenbar sei, wenn Michael Myers als Bruder von Laurie Strode stets versucht, lediglich seine Familienmitglieder zu ermorden. Tatsächlich wurde niemand verletzt.

    Halloween -

    Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Band 97, Heft 2 , S. Zuweilen kommt es dabei zu ungewollten Verwechslungen mit kommerziellen Halloweenveranstaltungen. Die Entstehungsgeschichte des Festtags Allerheiligen geht auf ein Fest aller heiligen Märtyrer zurück, das am Dazu gehört die richtige Halloween-Dekoration. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau , Sp.

    Simon Pegg's 13 Favourite Horror Movies. My Favorite Horror Movies. Share this Rating Title: Use the HTML below.

    You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Learn more More Like This. The Return of Michael Myers A Nightmare on Elm Street Friday the 13th Season of the Witch The Curse of Michael Myers Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Loomis Jamie Lee Curtis Annie as Nancy Loomis P.

    Tommy John Michael Graham Graveyard Keeper Mickey Yablans Richie Brent Le Page Edit Storyline The year is , the night: Edit Details Official Sites: Edit Did You Know?

    Trivia John Carpenter composed the score in four days. Goofs In a close up on the phone before Lindsay answers it, someone's shadow moves into the light.

    Quotes [ inside Myers' house ] Loomis: Alternate Versions When aired on TV, the following scene was altered: When Sheriff Brackett and Loomis are talking, the sheriff names off what kids are doing, his line of "Getting high" was changed to "Acting sly.

    Frequently Asked Questions Q: Who and what is The Shape? Why does Michael choose to go after Laurie and Tommy? What were the two horror movies that Lindsey and Tommy were watching on TV?

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Report this. Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.

    Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead.

    The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice". A Slice of History. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.

    Traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians in Africa: Interreligious Encounters and Dialogue. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.

    Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils.

    It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween. Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.

    These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.

    The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night. An American Holiday, an American History.

    Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions.

    Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost. This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.

    Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.

    Rising from the Flames: The Experience of the Severely Burned. University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.

    Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future.

    Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.

    And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days, when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.

    The New Cambridge Medieval History: Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.

    On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes.

    Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes. Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.

    Christian Origins of Halloween. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.

    Stations of the Sun: Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.

    The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out. The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.

    He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.

    From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , p. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp. Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Hide it [the great carbuncle] under thy cloak, say'st thou?

    Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern! Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p. Legends and Lore of South Carolina.

    The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling. Whispering Pine Press International.

    The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.

    Halloween in North America". The Book of Hallowe'en , Boston: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St.

    Nicholas , October , p. The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.

    Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 October A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.

    Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk.

    Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.

    Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.

    These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion.

    Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise. Archived from the original on 8 December Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 October A Fight for Frights as Tastes Change".

    Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 8 March Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: The New York Times.

    Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived PDF from the original on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.

    Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.

    Struggle for Safe and Sane Halloween, c. Pins and Needles in Halloween Candy". Trick, Treat or Myth?

    Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.

    Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve.

    Andrew James Harvey 31 October Or "Halloween" for short — a fixture on the liturgical calendar of the Christian West since the seventh century.

    Archived from the original on 24 May The Vigil is based on the monastic office of Vigils or Matins , when the monks would arise in the middle of the night to pray.

    On major feast days, they would have an extended service of readings scriptural, patristic, and from lives of the saints in addition to chanting the psalms.

    This all would be done in the dark, of course, and was an opportunity to listen carefully to the Word of God as well as the words of the Church Fathers and great saints.

    The Vigil of All Saints is an adaptation of this ancient practice, using the canonical office of Compline at the end.

    Cor et Lumen Christi Community. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 2 November In its first year — AD — over people participated from several countries.

    This included special All Saints Vigil masses, extended periods of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and parties for children. In our second year 10, participated.

    Since these modest beginnings, the Night of Light has been adopted in many countries around the world with vast numbers involved each year from a Cathedral in India to a convent in New Zealand; from Churches in the US and Europe to Africa; in Schools, churches, homes and church halls all ages have got involved.

    Although it began in the Catholic Church it has been taken up be other Christians who while keeping its essentials have adapted it to suit their own traditions.

    Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 6 November It was invented in , in leafy Chertsey, Surrey, when perhaps 1, people took part.

    Now it is a worldwide movement, popular in Africa and the United States. The heart of the Night of Light is an all-night vigil of prayer, but there is room for children's fun too: The minimum gesture is to put a lighted candle in the window, which is in itself too exciting for some proponents of health and safety.

    The inventor of the Night of Light is Damian Stayne, the founder of a year-round religious community called Cor et Lumen Christi — heart and light of Christ.

    This new movement is Catholic, orthodox and charismatic — emphasising the work of the Holy Spirit. An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church.

    The BOS notes that "suitable festivities and entertainments" may precede of follow the service, and there may be a visit to a cemetery or burial place.

    My folks are Polish and they celebrate Halloween in a different way. It is time to remember your dead and visit the cemetery and graves of your loved ones.

    The Church of England. Archived from the original on 18 May Christianity needs to make clear its positive message for young people.

    It's high time we reclaimed the Christian aspects of Halloween," says the Bishop, explaining the background to his letter.

    Retrieved 22 October Frank Gavin Liturgical Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 December What, Why, and Resources for Worship".

    Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 28 October Other Christians will opt for Halloween alternatives called 'Harvest Festivals', 'Hallelujah Night' or 'Reformation Festivals' — the kids dress up as farmers, Bible characters, or Reformation heroes.

    Evangelical Christians and Popular Culture. Evangelicals have found opportunities with both Christmas and Easter to use Christian candy to re-inject religion into these traditionally Christian holidays and boldly reclaim them as their own.

    They have increasingly begun to use Halloween, the most candy-centric holiday, as an opportunity for evangelism. Archived from the original on 29 October What's a Christian to Do?

    Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 22 November A Companion to the Lesser Feasts and Fasts. All Saints' Day is the centerpiece of an autumn triduum.

    In the carnival celebrations of All Hallows' Eve our ancestors used the most powerful weapon in the human arsenal, the power of humor and ridicule to confront the power of death.

    Circa , several strangers, most with a secret to bury, meet by chance at Lake Tahoe's El Royale, a rundown hotel with a dark past. Over the course of one night, everyone will show their true colors - before everything goes to hell.

    A look at the life of the astronaut, Neil Armstrong , and the legendary space mission that led him to become the first man to walk on the Moon on July 20, When a young boy accidentally triggers the universe's most lethal hunters' return to Earth, only a ragtag crew of ex-soldiers and a disgruntled scientist can prevent the end of the human race.

    The Avengers and their allies must be willing to sacrifice all in an attempt to defeat the powerful Thanos before his blitz of devastation and ruin puts an end to the universe.

    Laurie Strode confronts her long-time foe Michael Myers, the masked figure who has haunted her since she narrowly escaped his killing spree on Halloween night four decades ago.

    But I will say this. I saw the world premiere last night at TIFF Genre, horror and halloween fans will love it.

    Being a huge Halloween fan myself, I was immensely happy to see how well they respected the source material and the characters.

    Fantastic job to the entire team on this film. It deserves all the praise. Go see it as soon as it comes out. Deadly, brooding, and real.

    Jamie leads the drama to all new levels. Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet!

    Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. What's on the "Mayans M.

    This was the same date as Lemuriaan ancient Roman festival of the dead, and the same date as the commemoration of all saints in Edessa in the time of Ephrem. Halloween imagery includes themes of death, eviland mythical monsters. As a result of the fire, eight teenagers perished. Annie as Nancy Loomis P. Archived PDF from the original on 15 February Most attractions are seasonal Halloween businesses that may include haunted book of ra im casino spielencorn mazesand hayridesBeste Spielothek in Wierup finden and the level of sophistication of the effects has risen as the industry has grown. Around the halloween century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called Beste Spielothek in Hogschür finden to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion bytecoin casino soliciting food shadowbet casino money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months. Tommy John Michael Graham It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween. In some versions of this legend, the opposite was true: Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted. Archived from the original on 4 June The evening before was known as All Hallows Eve, and later Halloween. The March of Dimes copyrighted a "Mini haunted house for the March of Dimes" in and began fundraising through their local chapters by conducting haunted houses soon after. Von Interesse für die Forschung sei weniger die längst widerlegte These einer ungebrochenen Kontinuität bis ins Altertum, als vielmehr, wie die moderne Sehnsucht nach fiktiven keltischen Traditionen entstehe und was davon verbreitet werde. Mit den zahlreichen irischen Auswanderern im Dieser Artikel wurde ausgedruckt unter der Adresse: Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. In vorchristlicher Zeit begingen die Kelten am Wilsons Rural Cyclopedia Halloween einer der wichtigsten Feiertage insbesondere der Landbevölkerung in England und Schottland und werde ausgelassen begangen. Benedict Cumberbatch Ein Grinch mit Schnurrbart Lieber kein Kostüm für den Hund! Besuchen Sie uns vom Dort lebte einer Sage nach der Bösewicht Jack Oldfield. Die entsprechende Wechselwirkung und zugehörige Widersprüche sind bis in die Gegenwart verbreitet. Irische Auswanderer brachten das Horror-Fest im

    Halloween Video

    Its Halloween Night It is celebrated in bad oyenhausen casino Hindu month of Bhadrapadausually in mid-September. Archived from the original on 3 April Dressing book of ra casino online in costumes and going " guising " was prevalent in Scotland and Ireland at Halloween by the late 19th century. Michael Myers age Hide it [the great carbuncle] under thy cloak, say'st thou? He knows Michael is coming back to Haddonfield, ding junhui by the shadowbet casino the town realizes it, it'll be no deposit casino deutschland late for many people. University of Illinois Press. Loomis hunt for Michael Myers, a traumatized Laurie is rushed to hospital, and the serial killer is not far behind her. Retrieved 3 November Slots free games download Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween inalthough not by the term 'trick-or-treating'. Annie as Nancy Loomis P.

    As the opening credits begin, we are introduced to a sinister looking pumpkin Jack-O-Lantern that looks spooky yet funny and harmless with its eyes, nose and jagged mouth lit by the candle inside.

    Looking at it for a few seconds, the viewers then begin reading the cast and crew names Nancy Kyes as Annie Brackett Kyle Richards, Brian Andrews You are just shocked to see that the 'sinister looking pumpkin' you almost forgot is now so close to you that you have no chance to escape its evil eye!

    That's what Michael Myers is for me! That's the beauty of Halloween Michael Myers is faceless, but being faceless makes him more menacing and scary.

    The 'fear of unknown' is more bone-chilling than the 'fear of known'. Michael Myers is unpredictable. We know he is evil We never know this.

    He uses his silence as a cloak to hide his deadly yet unknown agendas. Moving ahead in our lives, we always think it will be like that forever.

    Same old routine, going to college, working part time, chit-chatting with friends, teasing and gossiping. Life seems so easy, safe and enjoyable But then a violent faceless 'shape' Guess who 'The Shape' is!

    His path of life, his point of view, his aim and his everything is entirely different from the common definitions and stuffs of life!

    You never noticed him just like the sinister looking pumpkin and remained busy in your daily chores, and eventually when he came very close Halloween needs to be preserved for eternity.

    It's an amazing combination of horror, mystery, nostalgia and music and fortunately each of its aspects work so well that together they give us this towering masterpiece.

    John Carpenter taught me to believe in boogeyman. He taught me that they do exist. He taught me to keep an eye on the dangers that may be hiding in vicinity and finally he taught me to keep the lights on while watching 'Halloween'.

    I really thank John Carpenter for making it way better than it was expected to be and for making something that has been scaring us for the last 37 years and I bet it will continue to do so till 'Horror' genre is alive.

    Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet!

    Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Fifteen years after murdering his sister on Halloween night , Michael Myers escapes from a mental hospital and returns to the small town of Haddonfield to kill again.

    John Carpenter screenplay , Debra Hill screenplay. At the turn of the century, Halloween parties for both children and adults became the most common way to celebrate the day.

    Parties focused on games, foods of the season and festive costumes. Because of these efforts, Halloween lost most of its superstitious and religious overtones by the beginning of the twentieth century.

    By the s and s, Halloween had become a secular, but community-centered holiday, with parades and town-wide Halloween parties as the featured entertainment.

    Despite the best efforts of many schools and communities, vandalism began to plague some celebrations in many communities during this time.

    By the s, town leaders had successfully limited vandalism and Halloween had evolved into a holiday directed mainly at the young.

    Due to the high numbers of young children during the fifties baby boom, parties moved from town civic centers into the classroom or home, where they could be more easily accommodated.

    Between and , the centuries-old practice of trick-or-treating was also revived. Trick-or-treating was a relatively inexpensive way for an entire community to share the Halloween celebration.

    In theory, families could also prevent tricks being played on them by providing the neighborhood children with small treats.

    Thus, a new American tradition was born, and it has continued to grow. Who Invented Candy Corn? The distribution of soul cakes was encouraged by the church as a way to replace the ancient practice of leaving food and wine for roaming spirits.

    The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. Hundreds of years ago, winter was an uncertain and frightening time.

    Food supplies often ran low and, for the many people afraid of the dark, the short days of winter were full of constant worry.

    On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes.

    To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits.

    On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place bowls of food outside their homes to appease the ghosts and prevent them from attempting to enter.

    Halloween has always been a holiday filled with mystery, magic and superstition. It began as a Celtic end-of-summer festival during which people felt especially close to deceased relatives and friends.

    For these friendly spirits, they set places at the dinner table, left treats on doorsteps and along the side of the road and lit candles to help loved ones find their way back to the spirit world.

    We avoid crossing paths with black cats, afraid that they might bring us bad luck. This idea has its roots in the Middle Ages , when many people believed that witches avoided detection by turning themselves into black cats.

    We try not to walk under ladders for the same reason. This superstition may have come from the ancient Egyptians, who believed that triangles were sacred it also may have something to do with the fact that walking under a leaning ladder tends to be fairly unsafe.

    And around Halloween, especially, we try to avoid breaking mirrors, stepping on cracks in the road or spilling salt. Many of these obsolete rituals focused on the future instead of the past and the living instead of the dead.

    Halloween, a holiday with religious origins but increasingly secularized as celebrated in America, came to assume major proportions as a children's festivity.

    Land of Milk and Honey: The vigil of the feast is Halloween, the night when charms and incantations were powerful, when people looked into the future, and when feasting and merriment were ordained.

    Up to recent time this was a day of abstinence, when according to church ruling no flesh meat was allowed. Colcannon, apple cake and barm brack, as well as apples and nuts were part of the festive fare.

    Food, Feasts, and Faith: Retrieved 13 August In Ireland, dishes based on potatoes and other vegetables were associated with Halloween, as meat was forbidden during the Catholic vigil and fast leading up to All Saint's Day.

    Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 13 October The American Desk Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 29 April University Press of Kentucky, p.

    From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , pp. Penguin Books Ltd; Reprint edition: An encyclopaedia of the Irish folk tradition.

    Prentice Hall Press, The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain. Oxford University Press, The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore.

    An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Retrieved 19 October They were both respected and feared. The Year in Ireland: The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries.

    The Silver Bough, Volume 3. Christmas in Ritual and Tradition. In The Celtic Consciousness , ed. A Study in Magic and Religion.

    Chapter 63, Part 1: The Religion of the Ancient Celts. Festivals Archived 12 October at the Wayback Machine..

    Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 2 October Christian leaders made old Celtic and Roman customs into new Christian ones.

    Bonfires were once lighted against evil spirits. Now, they kept away the devil. Oral folk-tales of Wessex. Foodlore of Popular Fruits and Vegetables.

    Lathrop , Fortress Press, p. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 25 October And this custom became so favored in popular esteem that, for a long time, it was a regular observance in the country towns of England for small companies to go from parish to parish, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face.

    Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.

    Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead.

    The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice". A Slice of History. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.

    Traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians in Africa: Interreligious Encounters and Dialogue. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.

    Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils. It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween.

    Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.

    These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.

    The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night. An American Holiday, an American History.

    Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions. Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost.

    This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.

    Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.

    Rising from the Flames: The Experience of the Severely Burned. University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.

    Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future.

    Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.

    And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days, when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.

    The New Cambridge Medieval History: Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.

    On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes. Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes.

    Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.

    Christian Origins of Halloween. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.

    Stations of the Sun: Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.

    The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out.

    The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.

    He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.

    From Pagan Ritual to Party Night , p. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp. Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Hide it [the great carbuncle] under thy cloak, say'st thou?

    Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern! Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p.

    Legends and Lore of South Carolina. The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling.

    Whispering Pine Press International. The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.

    Halloween in North America". The Book of Hallowe'en , Boston: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Co. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St.

    Nicholas , October , p. The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.

    Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 October A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.

    Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk. Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.

    Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.

    These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion.

    Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise. Archived from the original on 8 December Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 October A Fight for Frights as Tastes Change".

    Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 8 March Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: The New York Times.

    Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived PDF from the original on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.

    Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.

    Struggle for Safe and Sane Halloween, c. Pins and Needles in Halloween Candy". Trick, Treat or Myth?

    Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.

    Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve. Andrew James Harvey 31 October

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